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The Policy Forum Secretariat regrets to announce the untimely death of Mr Sharifu Maloya Kombo, of member organization Lindi Association of Non-Government Organisations (LANGO) who passed away on Saturday 23rd November 2019 (picture attached).

Sharifu Maloya Kombo was the Executive Secretary of LANGO, an organization established to coordinate and enhance relationship and cooperation amongst Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) in Lindi Region. He worked untiringly for citizens through enhancing Good Governance and Accountability and Financial Management in Lindi and other Regions.

He was an active participant in many of Policy Forum’s activities and his contributions to the network and elsewhere included:

  • Being a focal person for Social Accountability Monitoring (SAM) in Oil and Gas Revenues (Service Levy) in Kilwa District undertaken in collaboration with Policy Forum (PF).
  • Having good knowledge of Social Accountability and Good Governance, he played an important role as a participant of PF’s community radio broadcasts in Lindi.
  • He collaborated with PF in facilitating election dialogues through local media outlets and motivating women participation in the 2019 Local Government Elections.

The burial ceremony was held at his homestead (Lumesule Nanyumbu District, Mtwara) on Sunday 24th November 2019 at 10am.

For those with condolence messages or interests in making financial contributions (rambirambi) to the family, please contact us by email to info@policyforum.or.tz and we will forward them to the family.

Agreements that are signed between a  government of a developing country and foreign mining companies to supplement or supplant the existing mining legal and fiscal regime also known as Mining Development Agreements (MDAs) are signed with the aim of assuring foreign investors that a developing country’s government will not change the rules of the agreement once investors put in their money and the investment starts bearing profit.

In 1979, the first piece of legislation that enabled the government to sign mining agreements with foreign mining companies  was enacted, the Mining Act No 17 replaced the old Mining Ordinance in Tanzania.

MDAs cover a wide range of issues some of which are not covered by the general laws of the country, such as taxation, immigration, exercise of ministerial discretions, settlement of disputes, waiver of sovereignty, exchange control, infrastructure; barring of change of law.

These findings were highlighted at the Policy Forum Breakfast Debate held on 25th October 2019  from the presentation of a study conducted by Legal and Human Rights Center (LHRC) on the Extractive Industry Legal Regime Reforms in Tanzania under the theme “Extractive Sector Reforms: What are the Recent Policy Changes and their Implications?”

Dr. Nshala highlighted that in 1998 the Mining Act of 1979 was repealed and replaced by the Mining Act No 5 of 1998 following the World Bank mission visit to Tanzania in 1997 that viewed the promulgation of the Mining Policy of 1997 and the Written Laws Financial Laws Miscellaneous Amendments Act No. 27 of 1997 and the Investment Act of 1997.

However, He also elaborated further by highlighting that in 1969 in the oil sector, the President of Tanzania created the Tanzania Petroleum Development Corporation vide GN No 140 of 1969. In 1980 the Parliament enacted the Petroleum Exploration and Production Act No 27 of 1980 Cap 328 RE 2002.

Another stakeholder, Ms.  Glory Mafole from the Christian Council of Tanzania (CCT) highlighted lack of appropriate information has been the main problem for Tanzania. The weakness is exploited by multinational companies which declare loss to Tanzanian authorities , while declaring profits and dividends abroad,” she said.

Moreover, Glory Mafole further the discussion by stating that  although the Acts provide room for transparency to most companies dealing with mining extraction, disclosure of contracts to the public so that the citizens of Tanzania would have a clue of the content of the contracts. The establishment of the local content committees, Tax content, the expansion of the Mining Industry and Openness to the government is quite important.

Dr. Nshala, said the 16 per cent shareholding given to Tanzania is paltry. For one, the Tanzania government will not have decision-making power regarding TMC operations on the ground. Also, Tanzania does not have shares in the parent company Barrick Gold Corporation.

According to Nshala, Tanzania should focus on getting shares in the parent company and shouldn’t be satisfied with the paltry shares in the subsidiary company. He gave the example of Botswana which secured 15 per cent shareholding in the UK-based gold and diamond processing firm that was also compelled to shift its headquarters to Gaborone from London.

Jimmy Luhende , Executive Director from Action for Democracy & Local Governance focused on scrutinizing the analysis by highlighting the value chain and  why the contracts that are being signed have tough clauses and  complications.

Dr. Nshala concluded by saying despite the reforms undertaken in Tanzania, the mining sector, including oil and gas, still face numerous challenges. A comprehensive dialogue is required to formulate functional regulatory frameworks that would be effective even after the present regime has completed its term in office

The Government of the United Republic of Tanzania needs only TZS 150 billion for 5 years to cover the cost of 28 percent of health insurance for low-income Tanzanians, the country’s religious leaders have said at a recent Breakfast Debate organised by Policy Forum in collaboration with the Interfaith Standing Committee on Economic Justice and Integrity of Creation (ISCEJIC) on September 27, 2019.

Speaking at the debate, Bishop Stephen Munga of ISCEJIC said the Committee conducted a survey on access to health care in Tanzania in 2017/18 using national statistical information with the aim of acquiring accurate information on health issues in the country.

The report shows, the average contribution of the government to the health sector to be 35 percent, development partners 37 percent, and private providers 28 percent. This shows a strong dependence on external sources of funding; All government sources come from the main budget. There are no specific (fenced) sources for the purpose of paying for the health budget; Only 32% of Tanzanians have access to health care through health insurance, meaning that 68% of Tanzanians are not sure of health care; From these 32 percent have health insurance, 23 percent are from CHF-enhanced health insurance, 8 percent are from National health insurance, and 1 percent are from private health insurance; 28% of the 68% who are unsure of health care are low income people who are quite poor and are not able to contribute anything like buying a health insurance card; and the remaining 40 percent are people who can afford health insurance but need to be mobilized to join.

Furthermore, Bishop Munga elaborated further on the universal health coverage (UHC) so that all communities can access the preventive, curative and rehabilitative services they need while also ensuring that the use of these services does not expose the user to financial hardship.

Generally, Tanzania could do more to increase investments in the health sector. For approximately a decade, the average Annual Health Budget has been only 10 percent of the Government's total expenditure, 15 percent less than the agreed resolution in the Abuja Convention. The budget for the health sector has been shrinking from 75 percent (2014/15) to 57 percent (2016/17) and the average National Budget spending is $31 less than the average approved by the World Health Organization (WHO) which is $60.

Sheikh Nuhu Jabir Mruma also emphasised the reason why religious leaders are stressing on equitable health by stating that health is an investment and people need to be in good health for sustainable development to be achieved.

As a recap, for the Government of the United Republic of Tanzania to achieve its goals of ensuring that every citizen has confidence in the country's services, the religious leaders recommend the following:

  • The government should cover the cost of 28 percent of health insurance for low-income Tanzanians (2.7 million households, which is 14.5 million people);
  • The government needs only TZS 150 billion for 5 years from the various tax fenced sources proposed to cover health insurance for low-income households in Tanzania at an average of TZS 10,000 per household by the government and
  • The government needs 127 billion euros in 5 years from various tax-funded sources proposed to cover health care costs for 40 percent of Tanzanians who have not yet joined the average contribution of TZS 30,000 to 30,000 households and governments.
  • The government should increase the effectiveness of health care delivery by 20 to 40 percent by eliminating various challenges;
  • The government should lead the success of the provision of a health budget based on the approved budget;
  • The government should protect and improve cooperation with the private sector in health especially access to health services in all areas;
  • The government should improve the service sector to pay for the elimination of challenges in service delivery

The Interfaith Standing Committee on Economic Justice and Integrity of Creation (ISCEJIC) has the role of promoting equity , human rights and ensure affordable health for the poor in Tanzania and focuses on issues of tax justice for reducing inequality, works on issues of industrialization, employment and the environment, and peace and protection of creative integrity.

 

 

Tanzania Development Vision 2025 and Zanzibar Development Vision 2020 are the main blueprints for the country’s economic transformation towards a middle-income country in 2025 as well as the main vehicles for Agenda 2030 and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) implementation in Tanzania. Data from the Tanzania Civil Society Report on the SDGs shows that over the last decade, Tanzania has recorded economic growth averaging at 6.6 percent per year making the country one of the fastest growing economies in Sub Saharan Africa. Despite economic growth, the Policy Analyst from the Ministry of Finance and Planning, Mr. Francis Shirima said that the pace of implementing SDGs is still slow in Tanzania due to lack of coordination framework to ensure that the government works closely with different stakeholders. This was said at the People and Policies 7:30 Breakfast Debate held on 30th August 2019.

Speaking on the progress of the SDGs implementation in Tanzania as reported in the Tanzania Voluntary National Review (VNR), the co-convener of Tanzania Sustainable Development Platform, Stephen Chacha said the VNR report was presented for the first time on July 18, 2019 in New York at the United Nations High Level Political Forum (HLPF), a central platform for follow-up and review of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Sustainable Development Goals which provides for the full and effective participation of all States Members of the United Nations and States members of specialized agencies.

He said the VNR consultation was an inclusive process which involved the participation of several stakeholders from Ministry Departments and Agencies (MDAs), Multinational Organizations, Civil Society Organizations and the academia. The aim of the consultation was to gather inputs and contributions to compiled inputs and recommendations for the National VNR report which was produced by the Ministry of Finance and Planning (MOFP) in collaboration with the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS).

Moreover, the NBS Director of Population Census and Social Statistics, Ms. Ruth Minja shared with the audience the role of NBS in the implementation of the SDGs and the several milestones that the agency has achieved including the domestication of the SDGs. She mentioned that the Sustainable Development Goals have been integrated and are implemented through the National Medium-Term Plans for both Tanzania mainland and Zanzibar namely; The Five Year Development Plan II (FYDP II) 2016/17 – 2020/21 and the Zanzibar Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty 2016 – 2020 which reflect to the three dimensions of Sustainable Development.

Despite the efforts of the agency to reach milestones set, the funds allocated to statistical offices which are responsible for production, coordination and dissemination of statistical information are inadequate, in the essence that statistical data informs the implementation and achievement of Agenda 2030.

However, Ms. Sandra Oswald from Vodacom Tanzania enlightened the debate by elaborating how the Multinational Organizations contribute to achievement of SDGs in Tanzania. She stated that the companies aligne its programs to cater for the implementation of the SDGs in Tanzania through Corporate Social Responsibilities projects which some of them focuses on agriculture, nutrition, gender, climate change and also with UN global compact.

To achieve the Sustainable Development Goals implementation, it is necessary to solidify collaboration amongst different stakeholders. The focus should base on a bottom up approach to ensure that no one is left behind as envisioned in the 17 inter-connected goals of the Agenda 2030 on SDGs that aim to eradicate poverty.

Policy Analyst from the Ministry of Finance and Planning , Mr. Francis Shirima lamented that the pace of SDGs implementation is still slow in Tanzania. This is  because the nation lacks a  coordination framework to ensure that the government works closely with different stakeholders although the framework is on initiation process by the Ministry of Finance and Planning.

However, The co-convener of Tanzania Sustainable Development Platform,  Stephen Chacha highlighted on the  follow-up and review architecture that is enshrined to monitor the implementation of  the 2030 Agenda at the People and Policies 7:30 Breakfast debate held on 30th August 2019.

Chacha highlighted that the Tanzania Voluntary National Review (VNR)  was presented  for the first time on July 18, 2019 in New York at the United Nations High Level Political Forum (HLPF), a central platform for follow-up and review of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Sustainable Development Goals which  provides for the full and effective participation of all States Members of the United Nations and States members of specialized agencies.

He further stated that the VNR consultation was an inclusive process which involved the participation of  several stakeholders from Ministry Departments and Agencies (MDAs) , MultiNational Organizations, Civil Society Organizations and the academia. The aim of the consultation was to gather inputs and contributions to  compiled inputs and recommendations for the National VNR report which was produced by the Ministry of Finance and Planning (MOFP) in collaboration with the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS). 

Moreover, the Director of Population Census and Social Statistics at the National Bureau of Statistics Ms. Ruth Minja shared with the audience the role of  NBS in the implementation of the SDGs and the several milestones that the agency has achieved including the domestication of the SDGs.

She mentioned that the Sustainable Development Goals have been integrated and are implemented through the National Medium Term Plans for both Tanzania mainland and Zanzibar namely ; The Five Year Development Plan II (FYDP II) 2016/17 – 2020/21 and the Zanzibar Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty 2016 – 2020 which reflect to the three dimensions of Sustainable Development.

Despite the efforts of the agency to reach milestones set, the funds allocated to statistical offices which are responsible for production, coordination and dissemination of  statistical information are inadequate, in the essence that statistical data informs the implementation and achievement of Agenda 2030.

However, Ms. Sandra Oswald from Vodacom Tanzania enlightened the debate by elaborating how the Multinational Organizations contribute to achievement of SDGs in Tanzania. She stated aligned their programs to cater for the implementation of the SDGs in Tanzania through Corporate Social Responsibilities projects that the company is conducting, they manage to facilitate projects that focus on agriculture, nutrition, gender, climate change and also with UN global compact. The telecom has designed strategy to further contribute to SDGs attainment.

To achieve the Sustainable Development Goals implementation, it is necessary to solidify collaboration amongst different stakeholders. The focus should base on a bottom up approach to ensure that no one is left behind.

It is no doubt that whether you read articles or analyses related to extractives industry of Tanzania you will be bombarded with banal phrases such as ‘Tanzania is endowed with immense resources including hydrocarbons and solid minerals like gold, diamond, iron, tanzanite and natural gas.’ The main challenge for the country, however, has remained management of the revenues emanating from the extractives sector.

The 2017 Resource Governance Index which assesses quality of governance in licensing, taxation, local impacts and state participation reported that Tanzania performed poorly in the revenue management of oil and gas sectors by scoring 40 out 100.

Reflecting on what should be done by the stakeholders and government to improve governance of the extractives revenue, transparency and accountability, Policy Forum and HakiRasilimali joined efforts to organize a morning debate dubbed as the ” The Extractives Revenue Management in Tanzania : Where are we with Transparency and Accountability?”. The debate which took place in Dar es Salaam in the early hours of July 26, 2019 included Dr Genuine Martin from University of Dar es Salaam as the main speaker and Hon. Zitto (MP) as the discussant.

Speaking during the discussion, Hon. Kabwe argued that there is a problem in the management of extractives revenue in many developing countries including Tanzania by illustrating the current loss of revenues in the sector. He said for the financial year 2019/2020, the government is expecting to collect Shs 315 billion from the extractive industry despite being able to only collect Shs 230 billion as royalties from the mining sector in the financial year of 2017/2018.

He cited that between 2016 and 2018, the total mining revenue collapsed by 32%, from Shs 1.3 trillion as a total collection from the mining sector to Shs 867 billion. This goes in line with 11% drop in exports of gold or 10% drop in exports of other minerals.

Hon. Kabwe explained the drop in the exports of gold contributes to a loss of forex revenues of around US $ 200 million between 2016 and 2018 which can be calculated to the loss of the tax revenues of around Shs 433 billion. He emphasized that the loss is more than what the government is expecting to get from the settlements with the Barrick Gold Corporation.

He said the loss of revenues in the extractive industry calls for a thorough and critical “but objective” analysis of the last three years (from 2017 to 2019) to look at the impact of the changes brought in the extractive legislative framework. If government accepts an independent investigation on the gains and losses of its makinikia intervention (the ban on exportation of mineral sands to be smelted outside Tanzania), we can learn from such decisions”. He insisted that if the government doesn’t, “I call up on the CSOs to see the possibility of bringing together a team of experts to investigate the three years of the makinikia saga and come forward with recommendations so that we do not repeat mistakes.”

“The government aimed the interventions for optimal benefits for the country but the outcomes have not been great. What is the problem?” Hon Kabwe asked.

According to Hon. Kabwe, the interventions that were taken by the government were wrongly applied as it did not address the most critical fundamental problem in the extractive industry which is the international taxation system.

He claimed that if the developing countries are not addressing the issue of international taxation system, they will continue to lose from their natural resources. It is through the international taxation system that multinationals end up deciding where to pay taxes. He said this is not a problem exclusively faced by Tanzania and that we should cooperate with other countries to address the issue of where the taxes are being paid by multinational corporations. He advised the government to sign the Conventional on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters (CMAATM) which provides for administrative co-operation between states (member states) in the assessment and collection of taxes, exchange of information and recovery of foreign tax claims.

The report which probed transparency and accountability in the extractives sector presented by Dr Martin shows the disclosure of mining contracts is minimal. The publicly available contracts are only three Production Sharing Agreements (PSAs) of (2004, 2008, 2013) out of 26 PSAs on Tanzania Petroleum Development Corporation (TPDC) website. However, speaking during the EITI Global Conference, the Minister for Minerals Hon. Dotto Biteko (MP) said that the government is in the process of establishing a portal for mining contracts which will be displayed on the Ministry of Mineral website. The portal will enable the government to publish and annotate mining contracts.

Successful implementation of Agenda 2030 for sustainable development requires partnerships and multi stakeholder approaches. This was said today by the Hon. Ambassador Mero when officiating the Tanzania side event entitled “SDGs Audit: In Focus Africa Experiences from Africa on Institutionalization Partnerships, inclusivity and accountability” to share experiences on implementing SDGs in Africa, exploring findings, recommendations and a discussion on how to institutionalize implementation efforts across African countries. The event was coordinated in partnership between Policy Forum, Hivos, Africa Philanthropic Foundation, Tanzania Sustainable Development Platform, and UNA Tanzania.

Speaking further about these partnerships, he recognized the role of CSOs to contributing to the first Voluntary National Review (VNR) in Tanzania and involvement of other stakeholders towards the realization of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

“Learning collectively is important in ensuring the challenges faced in implementation of SDGs are addressed effectively because it takes two tango,” he said. Finishing by urging stakeholders to adequately reflect on SDGs and partnerships that can support the proper implementation of the goals.

One of the panelists, Martin Tsounkeu noted the importance of domestic resource mobilization in financing SDGs. He urged African countries not to rely on a single source of financing considering the vast natural resources the continent is endowed with.

This side event was held parallel to High Level Political Forum under the auspices of Economic and Social Council of United Nations it has a central role in the follow-up and review of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) at the global level.

To demonstrate commitment to achieve the SDGs, the government of the United Republic of Tanzania registered interest to present its Voluntary National Review at the upcoming HLPF in 2019. This is going to be the first time for Tanzania to undertake a VNR, but it is anticipated that this process will continue in the future on a regular basis towards 2030. VNR serves as a dashboard that maps the status of implementation of SDGs nationally, regionally and globally, and its process has proved to solidify collaboration amongst different stakeholders and build momentum towards achieving the SDGs.

 

The Government of Tanzania has made commitments to provide and safeguard human rights such as the ratification of several core human rights conventions as well as put in place national policies favoring a human rights-based approach to development but there are challenges in concretizing them in practice. When it comes to children’s rights, enforcement also seems to be a shortfall.

Human rights stakeholders at a morning debate had therefore recommended that there should be meaningful enforcement of the Child Act 2009 to ensure that different rights of a child are protected. On the same note, CSOs and the government were advised to continue raising awareness on the children’s rights from family level up to community level.

Moreover, advocacy for the amendments of the Marriage Act should continue to ensure full protection of the girl child from harmful impacts to their development like early pregnancies and parents were advised to spend more time with their children to better understand the challenges that they face.

The recommendations emanated from the current findings of the  Tanzania Human Rights Report, a study conducted by Legal and Human Rights Center (LHRC) on the Human Rights situation in Tanzania at the Policy Forum Breakfast Debate held on 28th June 2019 under the theme  “Tanzania Human Rights Report: Are the Policies for Protecting Children Rights Effective?”

Advocate Wazambi from LHRC stipulated that violence against children (VAC) is a key issue affecting human rights in Tanzania Mainland. For the year 2018, the report  exposed children’s freedom from violence to be the most violated human right, mainly caused by growing incidences of VAC.

Significantly the report highlighted increase in VAC in different parts of Tanzania Mainland, e.g. Mpwapwa-Dodoma, Chunya-Mbeya, Misungwi-Mwanza, Hai-Kilimanjaro and Tarime-Mara whereas the analysis of incidents of violence against children which was conducted by LHRC stated that 91% of the violence is sexual violence and 9% physical and psychological violence.

Moreover, police data for the first six months of the year 2018, indicate increased magnitude of the problem showing an increase of VAC incidents from 4,728 incidents by mid-2017 to 6,376 incidents by mid-2018. Furthermore, Ms. Amina Ally from Children’s Dignity Forum (CDF) anticipated that the Perpetrators of VAC are people who the abused children are mostly comfortable with such as  family members, community members such as motorcycle riders.

She furthered the discussion by stating the contributing factors that promote VAC are witchcraft beliefs, lack of proper care and children being left alone for long periods which makes it difficult to notice violence promptly. She continued saying that, there is lack of cooperation from the parents in testifying against the perpetrators since they are usually the people that the children are comfortable with such as close relatives.

Children’s rights in Tanzania are protected at international, continental and domestic levels. They are guaranteed and protected under the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) of 1989 and the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child (ACRWC) of 1990, which require Tanzania to take all appropriate measures to protect children within its territory from all forms of abuse such as torture; violence; inhuman or degrading treatment; and especially sexual abuse and exploitation; 407 and to protect female children from harmful practices that affect their welfare, dignity, normal growth and development, such as female genital mutilation and child marriage.

Although Tanzania has ratified several international treaties such as the United Nations Agenda 2030 on Sustainable Development which aims at “Leaving No-one Behind” , the  discriminatory ban of students who become pregnant impacts the lives of thousands of young girls , forcing them to end studies abruptly and the laws and policies that are supposed to protect the child’s right are non liquet, such as The Marriage Act.  

The debate calls upon all the responsible stakeholders and the general public to play their roles in addressing children’s rights challenges.

Links to download the Tanzania Human Rights Report;

https://www.humanrights.or.tz/reports/tanzania-human-rights-report-2018   

https://www.humanrights.or.tz/reports/summary-of-the-tanzania-human-rights-report-2018

https://www.humanrights.or.tz/reports/muhtasari-wa-ripoti-ya-haki-za-binadamu-2018

The creative and cultural sectors face policy challenges that lead to inconsistent engagement between sector players and relevant ministries/institutions, subsequently apparent unbalanced development of creative and cultural sector; disorganized, mismanaged, fragmented associations in creative and cultural industries, low entrepreneurship skills and non-existent funding mechanisms for the sector. These challenges result from weak and non-existence of appropriate creative and cultural policy.

This was said during a recent Policy Forum monthly breakfast debate held on the 31st of May 2019 which was dedicated to discussing a report titled “ Assessing Creative Industries for Policy-Making in Tanzania”.

A presentation by Dr. Charles Ruyembe from CHIMABA, focused on the theme “Industrialisation for Economic Transformation: What are the Policy Reforms Required to Achieve the National Industrialisation Agenda?”  highlighted that there is a need of reviewing policies related to creative businesses, which includes, review of existing cultural policy, Intellectual Property Law and relevant public policies such as education, tourism and environment or trade.

Furthermore, to clearly define the role of the government in supporting young people to build a portfolio of core arts, culture, heritage, technical and digital technology inclusion in their future creative occupations, the government should establish a sustainable mechanism which will develop career management skills for all young people aspiring to join and work within the creative workforce.

Dr. Ruyembe accentuated that the social transformation or change must be connected to learning and performance to equip young people and women with adequate knowledge and skills, so that, as they graduate, they will have the ability to participate fully in creative jobs as active members in the Tanzanian society. Learning and performance are influenced by the culture but at the same time, shapes rather expectations of young people’s bright future and makes them able to create new ideas and contribute to the country’s economic development.

Significantly, the Executive Director of Copyright Society of Tanzania (COSOTA), Ms. Doreen Sinare said the main aspect of Copyright and Neighbouring Rights Law (IPRs) need to be strategically addressed in the public policy documents due to the fact that all creative industries are subject to Intellectual Property Law. The current Copyright and Neighbouring Rights Act is out-dated and needs amendment and thorough enforcement. It seems that there is lack of understanding the importance of Copyright and Neighbouring Rights Law Number 7 of 1999 on national economies, the arts, culture, heritage and creative industries business and creative sectors contribution to GDP and creative workforce opportunities.

Nevertheless, Ms. Sinare alleged that the policy has to come up with clear statements on the role of creative entrepreneurs, the local community or civil society with a vision to improve access and availability of modern apprenticeships all linked to the sustaining of creative and cultural provisions.

Similarly, Dr. Ruyembe insisted that the policy has to come up with a clear statement on the role of parents, guardians, teachers and the civil society on how the identification, measuring and profiling of current and future skills embedded in the creative capital of young people in Tanzania will be done. The evidence-based survey found that the government and the society have ignored nurturing the creative skills of young people, promoting creative jobs and putting clear opportunities in the creative industries for talented young people to see and join the creative industries and creative jobs and businesses of their interest.

However, the issue of inter-ministerial coordination needs to be addresses by the National Cultural Policy. The government with relevant ministries, agencies and institutions under their respective ministries and the private sector need to be mobilised to enliven the relationship between the creative sector and structure of the Tanzania’s public policies. Hence, there is no clear inter-ministerial coordination to connect policy making, planning, programming and establishment of a framework for policies that cut across Ministries for systematic implementation and positive outcomes.

In conclusion, through enhancement of “cultural resources” embodied in people’s creativity, skills and talents (creative workforce) creates a knowledge-based society which refers to: social relations (mobilize local communities and the Government to materialize and advance social change) , there should be a facilitation of young people and women to learn new things as they are the targeted group of this sector. Reinforcement of  old ideas (cultural heritage) to enable young people to create their own artistic language and contribute to their global development (innovation) and advertisement of the tourism industry should also focus on the creative industry.

The 2017/2018 CAG’s report has indicated areas of corruptive and fraudulent transactions amounting to TZS 207.12 billion. The amount is derived from weakness in the management of transit goods TZS 7.975 billion, human resources and pensions 2.59 billion, procurement and contract management TZS 133.17 billion, the expenditure management and budget execution TZS 54.48 billion and in management and collection of own source revenues TZS 8.66 billion. This was accentuated during the Policy Forum’s April Breakfast Debate entitled “2017/2018 CAG’s Report: Current Financial Accountability Trends in Tanzania” presented by Yona Kilaghane from Wajibu Institute of Public Accountability (WIPA).

Kilaghane highlighted that the National debt amount excludes Government obligations with Pension Funds of TZS 4,588.39 Billion. There is an increase of the national debt by 10.5% compared to previous year. Even though the national debt is sustainable, it will impact the society/development due to, servicing of the national debt is a first charge in government spending, which reduces funds for development expenditure and domestic borrowing is too expensive and that the Government should strive to target concessional debts.

Dr. Richard Mushi from the University of Dar Es Salaam tinted that the Financial Year 2017/18, the CAG’s report highlighted that the Parliament of the United Republic of Tanzania approved a budget of TZS 31,711.99 billion against actual revenue collection of TZS 27,695.96 billion resulting into under collection of TZS 4,016 billion (12.7%). And also, the total amount issued from the Consolidated Fund amounted to TZS 26,947.41 billion against total receipts of TZS 26,531.56 billion resulting in a deficit of TZS 415.844 billion.

KIlaghane uttered poor utilization of project funds in Local Government Authorities that hindered the implementation of development projects. The Government released only 51% of the LGAs budgeted development funds of which 34% was utilized and 17% was not utilized by Local Governance Authorities.

He also stressed on Public entities without board of directors and trustees stating that the CAG noted an increase trend of public authorities without board of directors from 20 entities reported last year to 27 entities in 2017/2018. This weakens internal oversight functions.

Although the word “Udhaifu” created a saga between the Parliament of United Republic of Tanzania and the Controller and Auditor General. The Former Controller and Auditor General Mr. Ludovick Utouh intervened by describing the word as a technical term which is utilised in different institutes to accentuate weaknesses and not a term used to suppress individuals nor organizations.

Recommendations that emanated from the debate;

  1. The Management of Ministry, Departments and Agencies should strictly ensure procurement complies with the Public Procurement Act 2011 to promote competitiveness and to obtain value for money for the goods and services.
  2. Compliance with the procurement law and its regulations, WAJIBU is recommending for the amendment of the procurement regulations to enhance transparency in the procurement process (e.g. publication of received tenders on the website, publication of the original and final cost of concluded projects) and law enforcing organs should be more pro-active in taking action on non-compliance with the procurement law.
  3. The law enforcing organs including PCCB, DCI, DPP to enforce the implementation of the amended Sect. 27 of the Public Audit Act No. 11 of 2008. In addition, Public Auditors need to adhere to the requirements of ISSAI 1224.
  4. The accountancy profession needs to review the basis of auditing and financial reporting in the public sector in view of issuing of audit opinion (financial and non-financial considerations).
  5. The CAG to give more explanations on the short-deposited funds in the Consolidated Fund and the overpayment from the Consolidated Fund.
  6. The TRA should increase its efforts in widening the Tax base and improving Tax compliance in order to increase the Tax/GDP ratio.
  7. Government to institute and establish a documented Fraud Prevention Plan & Fraud Risk Management

Despite the improvement in the audit opinions issued, accountability is still a challenge with regards to observations made in the Controller and Auditor General’s reports.

Monthly breakfast debates allow participants from various fields to debate issues, brainstorm on new ideas, discuss different perspectives on problems and exchange views with likeminded colleagues from different organizations. The aim of these debates is to deepen and broaden public discussion and participation in key contemporary development issues.

 

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